The ‘Shahaadah’ or Declaration of Faith
To be a Muslim, one must believe in and pronounce the words that mean, “There is no deity worthy of being worshipped except Allah عزوجل and Muhammad صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم is His Messenger.” This declaration testifies that Almighty Allah عزوجل exists, that He is dissimilar and superior to His creation and that none is worthy of worship but Him. It also testifies that He عزوجل is the Creator and Owner of all that exists and the Disposer of all affairs. Allah Almighty عزوجل says in the Holy Quran:
Indeed all those in the heavens and all those in the earth are in Allah’s control; and what do those who pray to the partners instead of Allah عزوجل, follow? They do not follow anything except assumption, and they only make guesses. [Yunus 10:66](welcome to islam,page:19) The “Shahaadah” is to testify that the Beloved Prophet Muhammad صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم is among the Prophets, who conveyed Almighty Allah’s revelation to humankind. Almighty Allah عزوجل says:
And they say, “When will this decision take place, if you are truthful?” [Sajdah 32:28] In fact, it is stated in the Majestic Quran that the Beloved Prophet Muhammad صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم is the last of Almighty Allah’s Messengers. Allah Almighty عزوجل says:
Muhammad (صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم) is not the father of any man among you – but he is the Noble Messenger of Allah (عزوجل) and the Last of the Prophets; and Allah (عزوجل) knows all things. [Ahzab 33:40] The Holy Quran also confirms that the Beloved and Blessed Prophet Muhammad’s صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم words are infallible and are conveyed from Allah عزوجل, the Most Exalted. Almighty Allah عزوجل says:
And he does not say anything by his own desire. It is but a divine revelation, which is revealed to him. [Najm 53:3](welcome to islam,page:20) Thus, the Glorious Quran and Sunnah traditions of the Final Prophet Muhammad صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, are the basis of the religion of Islam, and they define every aspect of the Islamic way of life.(welcome to islam,page:21) Faith in Almighty Allah
Allah عزوجل, Most High, is One. There is no partner in His divinity, His works, in His commandments and in His names. Allah عزوجل is ‘Waajib-ul-Wujood’ which means that His existence is necessary at all times. He is Eternal (al-Qadeem) and everlasting (al-Baaqī). None but Allah عزوجل, Most High, is worthy of limitless praise and adoration. He عزوجل is dependent on no other. On the contrary, everything in the universe is dependent on Him.(welcome to islam,(welcome to islam,page:1)
Faith in Prophethood
For Muslims, it is essential to know about the Prophets عَـلَيْهِمُ الـسَّـلَام and their virtuous qualities as it is essential to know about the supreme Being and the Attributes of Allah عزوجل, Most Exalted. It is also essential to have a sound knowledge about Prophethood so that one may avoid wrong notions and misleading beliefs and avoid uttering anything that may amount to degradation of the Prophets عَـلَيْهِمُ الـسَّـلَام.
Prophets عَـلَيْـهمُِ الـسَّـلَام were all men
A Prophet عَـلَيْهِمُ الـسَّـلَام is the person to whom the Divine Revelation from Allah عزوجل, Most Exalted, is bestowed for the guidance of mankind. Such a person is also called an Apostle or Messenger of Allah عزوجل, Most Exalted.)welcome to islam.page:3)
Faith in Angels
Angels are neither male nor female; neither eat nor drink; neither marry nor reproduce. They are made of light and hence they can change themselves into different forms. They also have the power to transform themselves into any form but they never do any such(welcome to islam,page:4) thing knowingly or unknowingly against the command of Almighty Allah عزوجل.(welcome to isalam,page:5)
Faith in the books of Almighty Allah
All the heavenly books are true and whatever Almighty Allah عزوجل has said through them, is to be believed in. However, due to distortions, their originality has been brought into question. The preservation of these Holy Scriptures was entrusted to their respective followers, and rather than preserving the books in their memories and on tablets, the books suffered alterations. The(welcome to islam,page:6) outcome was that these books could not be relied upon to be the same as when they were originally revealed and those who had vested interests altered the words and letters to change the meanings in order to make them conveniently suit their personal interests. They even indulged in addition and deletion in accordance with their whims and fancies. This kind of distortion in respect of the Scriptures is called ‘Tahreef’.
It is therefore advisable that when we come across anything mentioned in previous Scriptures, we would accept it only if it is in conformity with the Magnificent Quran. But if it is contrary to the Holy Quran we should deem it to be an outcome of ‘Tahreef’. In the case of confusion over a thing being consistent or inconsistent with the Glorious Quran, we should neither accept those things immediately nor should we deny it outright, our stand in such cases should be cautious. (welcome to islam,page:7)